Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the broad range of neurodevelopmental and physical effects that result from prenatal exposure to alcohol. People with FASD may have facial abnormalities and growth impairments, but the most profound effects are cognitive and behavioral deficits.
Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities in the United States. It can lead to learning, memory, and impulsivity problems in both children and adults.
In response to the urgent need for research on how the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is affecting many aspects of health, NIAAA has issued a funding opportunity to encourage research on the complex relationships between alcohol consumption and COVID-19.